Pre-season Changes in Performance in Collegiate Women Tennis Players
Keywords:training, aerobic, exercise performance, physical performance, sport
Purpose: This investigation was to examine preseason fitness levels and seasonal changes in fitness, serve performance, and perceived burnout in 13 NCAA Division I collegiate women tennis players. Methods: Every two weeks subjects performed a maximal serve velocity (MSV) test, and an athlete burnout questionnaire (ABQ); the mean score from the ABQ scores gives global burnout index (GBI). Subjects completed the spider agility (SA) test, the 20m shuttle run test at T1 (pre), T4 (mid), and T6 (post). Training load was quantified using the session rating of perceived exertion. Results: The 20m shuttle test revealed that aerobic capacity increased significantly (34.12 ± 4.50 to 40.15 ± 3.62 ml.kg.min; p <0.05) from pretest to post test. Training load reported a significant fluctuating pattern across the season (p <0.05). No significant differences were observed for serve velocity, burnout, and agility (p> 0.05). Conclusions: The current findings suggest that the participants improved their fitness levels as the season progressed. Therefore, the implementation of a tennis-specific conditioning program during the three month summer break is an appropriate strategy to minimize the effects of detraining.
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